The massive capital city of Jakarta is located in the northwest coast of the island of Java. This port city offers a mix of cultural influences. It is home to Dutch colonial buildings, Chinatown, and old port of Sunda Kelapa.

Population density

Population density is the number of people per square mile. High population density can lead to mobility issues.

Indonesia has several islands, with the majority centered around the island of Java. Jakarta is the nation’s capital. It is considered one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

Jakarta’s population has increased by more than a million people since the 2010 census. The region is estimated to have an increasing population of at least 24 million in the next decade.

While Jakarta’s growth has been impressive, it has also been accompanied by problems. Many slums are located in the city, and the lack of transportation, sanitation and housing make life difficult for the poor.

Major road arteries

This paper traces the spatial transformation of Greater Jakarta over three time periods. These were the 1940s, the 1960s and the 1990s. It also examined the effects of major policy changes on urban transformation.

The 1940 model of the Jakarta CBD started with two main roads and branched out to other important thoroughfares. In the 1960s, the economic center of Jakarta shifted to modern shopping malls. As a result, the foreground network of the city changed dramatically.

In the 1980s, the city’s population increased by more than one million people. A resulting urban health crisis caused the relocation of the city’s administrative center to the southern part of Jakarta. Similarly, the New Order regime resulted in the construction of massive housing enclaves in peripheral areas.


Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, has a rich history and many landmarks to explore. These monuments reflect the city’s past and present.

The National Monument is a towering obelisk in the middle of Freedom Square in the center of Jakarta. It commemorates the Indonesian independence struggle. The obelisk is topped with a bronze flame.

The Istiqlal Mosque of Jakarta is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia. Many presidents and other prominent figures visit the mosque to pray. Aside from Islamic activities, major concerts are held at the square.

Gamma Tower was built in 1996. It has a 50-story structure. An observation deck is located on the top.


Jakarta is home to a number of international schools that cater to children of expats. Many of these schools offer the International Baccalaureate (IB) programme. Other programs include the Primary Years Programme, the Middle Years Programme, and the Diploma Programme.

There are more than 2,000 elementary schools in Jakarta. The schools are arranged by educational levels and spread across the city.

Sekolah Pelita Harapan has five campuses in different parts of Jakarta. This Christian school emphasizes faith in God and character development. Its programs focus on developing critical thinking skills and problem solving.

BINUS School Simprug is a well-known school that offers three IB programmes. Binus aims to provide a complete continuum of education to all students.


The housing affordability crisis in Jakarta, Indonesia, is affecting residents of all economic backgrounds. This crisis is caused by the skyrocketing prices of real estate and the shortage of affordable homes.

In the past few years, Indonesia has adopted several development regulations to tackle the housing affordability issue. These policies include a “1:2:3” policy, which requires a development project to maintain a certain proportion of low income, middle income and high income units in each development. A further example is the National Program for 1000 Towers, which aims to increase housing supply in metropolitan cities.

However, the main constraint of the housing sector in Indonesia remains the limited availability of urbanized land. This problem is worsened by the monopolization of land, which results in uncontrolled land speculation and unaffordable housing for the poorest segments of the society.


The climate of Jakarta, Indonesia is tropical. This means that the city is hot, humid and wet year round. During the monsoon season, rainfall is common, and thunderstorms break out. However, during the dry season, the skies are relatively clear.

While there is no definitive weather pattern, the climate of Jakarta tends to be fairly consistent throughout the year. Daytime temperatures are in the low to mid-30degC range, with occasional dips as low as 20 degC. Humidity levels are high, but not necessarily overbearing.

Wind speed is typically moderate, and the average hourly wind direction varies slightly across the year. For instance, the windiest month is January, with an average daily speed of 6.3 miles per hour.